The coming of independence from colonial rule was seen as a moment of great hope in most African nations. In many countries, colonialism had been characterised by a harsh colour bar. In most, the economy had been skewed towards providing for the needs of the European colonial power in question rather than the people actually living in the colony, and in all, democratic representation was badly skewed where it existed at all.
Nowhere, it would seem, did people dream bigger and more dramatic dreams than in Zambia, where one Edward Makuka Nkoloso did his best to get a Zambian space program off the ground. His efforts, which you can read about here, were apparently well-known enough to generate later correspondence.
Sadly, his dreams remain unrealised.